Source code for evalml.pipelines.components.transformers.preprocessing.datetime_featurizer

"""Transformer that can automatically extract features from datetime columns."""
import numpy as np
import pandas as pd
import woodwork as ww
from featuretools.primitives import Hour, Month, Weekday, Year

from evalml.pipelines.components.transformers import Transformer
from evalml.utils import infer_feature_types

def _extract_year(col, encode_as_categories=False):
    return Year()(col), None

_int_to_month_mapping = {
    0: "January",
    1: "February",
    2: "March",
    3: "April",
    4: "May",
    5: "June",
    6: "July",
    7: "August",
    8: "September",
    9: "October",
    10: "November",
    11: "December",

def _extract_month(col, encode_as_categories=False):
    month = Month()
    months = month(col) - 1
    months_unique = pd.Series(months.unique())
    if encode_as_categories:
        months = ww.init_series(months, logical_type="Categorical")
    return months, {_int_to_month_mapping.get(m, np.nan): m for m in months_unique}

_day_to_int_mapping = {
    "Sunday": 0,
    "Monday": 1,
    "Tuesday": 2,
    "Wednesday": 3,
    "Thursday": 4,
    "Friday": 5,
    "Saturday": 6,

_int_to_day_mapping = {
    0: "Sunday",
    1: "Monday",
    2: "Tuesday",
    3: "Wednesday",
    4: "Thursday",
    5: "Friday",
    6: "Saturday",

def _extract_day_of_week(col, encode_as_categories=False):
    wd = Weekday()
    days = wd(col) + 1
    days = days.replace(7, 0)
    days_unique = days.unique()
    if encode_as_categories:
        days = ww.init_series(days, logical_type="Categorical")
    return days, {_int_to_day_mapping.get(d, np.nan): d for d in days_unique}

def _extract_hour(col, encode_as_categories=False):
    return Hour()(col), None

[docs]class DateTimeFeaturizer(Transformer): """Transformer that can automatically extract features from datetime columns. Args: features_to_extract (list): List of features to extract. Valid options include "year", "month", "day_of_week", "hour". Defaults to None. encode_as_categories (bool): Whether day-of-week and month features should be encoded as pandas "category" dtype. This allows OneHotEncoders to encode these features. Defaults to False. time_index (str): Name of the column containing the datetime information used to order the data. Ignored. random_seed (int): Seed for the random number generator. Defaults to 0. """ name = "DateTime Featurizer" hyperparameter_ranges = {} """{}""" _function_mappings = { "year": _extract_year, "month": _extract_month, "day_of_week": _extract_day_of_week, "hour": _extract_hour, } def __init__( self, features_to_extract=None, encode_as_categories=False, time_index=None, random_seed=0, **kwargs, ): if features_to_extract is None: features_to_extract = ["year", "month", "day_of_week", "hour"] invalid_features = set(features_to_extract) - set( self._function_mappings.keys(), ) if len(invalid_features) > 0: raise ValueError( "{} are not valid options for features_to_extract".format( ", ".join([f"'{feature}'" for feature in invalid_features]), ), ) parameters = { "features_to_extract": features_to_extract, "encode_as_categories": encode_as_categories, "time_index": time_index, } parameters.update(kwargs) self._date_time_col_names = None self._categories = {} self.encode_as_categories = encode_as_categories super().__init__( parameters=parameters, component_obj=None, random_seed=random_seed, )
[docs] def fit(self, X, y=None): """Fit the datetime featurizer component. Args: X (pd.DataFrame): Input features. y (pd.Series, optional): Target data. Ignored. Returns: self """ X = infer_feature_types(X) self._date_time_col_names = list("datetime", return_schema=True).columns, ) return self
[docs] def transform(self, X, y=None): """Transforms data X by creating new features using existing DateTime columns, and then dropping those DateTime columns. Args: X (pd.DataFrame): Input features. y (pd.Series, optional): Ignored. Returns: pd.DataFrame: Transformed X """ X = infer_feature_types(X) X = X.ww.copy() features_to_extract = self.parameters["features_to_extract"] if len(features_to_extract) == 0: return X for col_name in self._date_time_col_names: for feature in features_to_extract: name = f"{col_name}_{feature}" features, categories = self._function_mappings[feature]( X[col_name], self.encode_as_categories, ) X.ww[name] = features if categories: self._categories[name] = categories X.ww.drop(columns=self._date_time_col_names, inplace=True) return X
[docs] def get_feature_names(self): """Gets the categories of each datetime feature. Returns: dict: Dictionary, where each key-value pair is a column name and a dictionary mapping the unique feature values to their integer encoding. """ return self._categories
def _get_feature_provenance(self): provenance = {} for col_name in self._date_time_col_names: provenance[col_name] = [] for feature in self.parameters["features_to_extract"]: provenance[col_name].append(f"{col_name}_{feature}") return provenance