API Reference¶
Demo Datasets¶
Load breast cancer dataset. Binary classification problem. 

Load diabetes dataset. Used for regression problem. 

Load credit card fraud dataset. 

Load wine dataset. Multiclass problem. 

Load churn dataset, which can be used for binary classification problems. 
Preprocessing¶
Utilities to preprocess data before using evalml.
Load features and target from file. 

Get the target distributions. 

Get the number of features of each specific dtype in a DataFrame. 

Split data into train and test sets. 
Exceptions¶
Exception to raise when a class is does not have an expected method or property. 

An exception raised when a particular pipeline is not found in automl search results. 

Exception to raise when specified objective does not exist. 

An exception raised when a component is not found in all_components(). 

An exception to be raised when predict/predict_proba/transform is called on a component without fitting first. 

An exception to be raised when predict/predict_proba/transform is called on a pipeline without fitting first. 

Exception raised when all pipelines in an automl batch return a score of NaN for the primary objective. 

An exception raised when a pipeline errors while scoring any objective in a list of objectives. 

Exception raised when a data check can’t initialize with the parameters given. 

Warning thrown when there are null values in the column of interest. 
AutoML¶
AutoML Search Interface¶
Automated Pipeline search. 
AutoML Utils¶
Given data and configuration, run an automl search. 

Get the default primary search objective for a problem type. 

Given the training data and ML problem parameters, compute a data splitting method to use during AutoML search. 
AutoML Algorithm Classes¶
Base class for the AutoML algorithms which power EvalML. 

An automl algorithm which first fits a base round of pipelines with default parameters, then does a round of parameter tuning on each pipeline in order of performance. 
AutoML Callbacks¶
Noop. 

Logs the exception thrown as an error. 

Raises the exception thrown by the AutoMLSearch object. 
AutoML Engines¶
The default engine for the AutoML search. 

The concurrent.futures (CF) engine. 

The dask engine. 
Pipelines¶
Pipeline Base Classes¶
Machine learning pipeline. 

Pipeline subclass for all classification pipelines. 

Pipeline subclass for all binary classification pipelines. 

Pipeline subclass for all multiclass classification pipelines. 

Pipeline subclass for all regression pipelines. 

Pipeline base class for time series classification problems. 

Pipeline base class for time series binary classification problems. 

Pipeline base class for time series multiclass classification problems. 

Pipeline base class for time series regression problems. 
Pipeline Utils¶
Given input data, target data, an estimator class and the problem type, generates a pipeline class with a preprocessing chain which was recommended based on the inputs. The pipeline will be a subclass of the appropriate pipeline base class for the specified problem_type. 

Creates and returns a string that contains the Python imports and code required for running the EvalML pipeline. 

Get the row indices of the data that are closest to the threshold. Works only for binary classification problems and pipelines. 
Component Graphs¶
Component graph for a pipeline as a directed acyclic graph (DAG). 
Components¶
Component Base Classes¶
Components represent a step in a pipeline.
Base class for all components. 

A component that may or may not need fitting that transforms data. These components are used before an estimator. 

A component that fits and predicts given data. 
Component Utils¶
List the model types allowed for a particular problem type. 

Returns the estimators allowed for a particular problem type. 

Creates and returns a string that contains the Python imports and code required for running the EvalML component. 
Transformers¶
Transformers are components that take in data as input and output transformed data.
Drops specified columns in input data. 

Selects specified columns in input data. 

Selects columns by specified Woodwork logical type or semantic tag in input data. 

A transformer that encodes categorical features in a onehot numeric array. 

A transformer that encodes categorical features into target encodings. 

Imputes missing data according to a specified imputation strategy per column. 

Imputes missing data according to a specified imputation strategy. 

Imputes missing data according to a specified imputation strategy. 

A transformer that standardizes input features by removing the mean and scaling to unit variance. 

Selects top features based on importance weights using a Random Forest regressor. 

Selects top features based on importance weights using a Random Forest classifier. 

Transformer to drop features whose percentage of NaN values exceeds a specified threshold. 

Transformer that can automatically extract features from datetime columns. 

Transformer that can automatically featurize text columns using featuretools’ nlp_primitives. 

Transformer that delays input features and target variable for time series problems. 

Featuretools DFS component that generates features for the input features. 

Removes trends from time series by fitting a polynomial to the data. 

Initializes an undersampling transformer to downsample the majority classes in the dataset. 

SMOTE Oversampler component. Will automatically select whether to use SMOTE, SMOTEN, or SMOTENC based on inputs to the component. 
Estimators¶
Classifiers¶
Classifiers are components that output a predicted class label.
CatBoost Classifier, a classifier that uses gradientboosting on decision trees. CatBoost is an opensource library and natively supports categorical features. 

Elastic Net Classifier. Uses Logistic Regression with elasticnet penalty as the base estimator. 

Extra Trees Classifier. 

Random Forest Classifier. 

LightGBM Classifier. 

Logistic Regression Classifier. 

XGBoost Classifier. 

Classifier that predicts using the specified strategy. 

Stacked Ensemble Classifier. 

Decision Tree Classifier. 

KNearest Neighbors Classifier. 

Support Vector Machine Classifier. 

Vowpal Wabbit Binary Classifier. 

Vowpal Wabbit Multiclass Classifier. 
Regressors¶
Regressors are components that output a predicted target value.
Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average Model. The three parameters (p, d, q) are the AR order, the degree of differencing, and the MA order. More information here: https://www.statsmodels.org/devel/generated/statsmodels.tsa.arima_model.ARIMA.html. 

CatBoost Regressor, a regressor that uses gradientboosting on decision trees. CatBoost is an opensource library and natively supports categorical features. 

Elastic Net Regressor. 

HoltWinters Exponential Smoothing Forecaster. 

Linear Regressor. 

Extra Trees Regressor. 

Random Forest Regressor. 

XGBoost Regressor. 

Baseline regressor that uses a simple strategy to make predictions. This is useful as a simple baseline regressor to compare with other regressors. 

Time series estimator that predicts using the naive forecasting approach. 

Stacked Ensemble Regressor. 

Decision Tree Regressor. 

LightGBM Regressor. 

Support Vector Machine Regressor. 

Vowpal Wabbit Regressor. 
Model Understanding¶
Utility Methods¶
Confusion matrix for binary and multiclass classification. 

Normalizes a confusion matrix. 

Given labels and binary classifier predicted probabilities, compute and return the data representing a precisionrecall curve. 

Given labels and classifier predicted probabilities, compute and return the data representing a Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve. Works with binary or multiclass problems. 

Calculates permutation importance for features. 

Calculates permutation importance for one column in the original dataframe. 

Computes objective score as a function of potential binary classification decision thresholds for a fitted binary classification pipeline. 

Get the data needed for the prediction_vs_actual_over_time plot. 

Calculates one or twoway partial dependence. 

Combines y_true and y_pred into a single dataframe and adds a column for outliers. Used in graph_prediction_vs_actual(). 

Returns a dataframe showing the features with the greatest predictive power for a linear model. 

Get the transformed output after fitting X to the embedded space using tSNE. 

Gets the confusion matrix and histogram bins for each threshold as well as the best threshold per objective. Only works with Binary Classification Pipelines. 
Graph Utility Methods¶
Generate and display a precisionrecall plot. 

Generate and display a Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) plot for binary and multiclass classification problems. 

Generate and display a confusion matrix plot. 

Generate a bar graph of the pipeline’s permutation importance. 

Generates a plot graphing objective score vs. decision thresholds for a fitted binary classification pipeline. 

Generate a scatter plot comparing the true and predicted values. Used for regression plotting. 

Plot the target values and predictions against time on the xaxis. 

Create an oneway or twoway partial dependence plot. 

Plot high dimensional data into lower dimensional space using tSNE. 
Prediction Explanations¶
Creates a report summarizing the top contributing features for each data point in the input features. 

Creates a report summarizing the top contributing features for the best and worst points in the dataset as measured by error to true labels. 
Objectives¶
Objective Base Classes¶
Base class for all objectives. 

Base class for all binary classification objectives. 

Base class for all multiclass classification objectives. 

Base class for all regression objectives. 
DomainSpecific Objectives¶
Score the percentage of money lost of the total transaction amount process due to fraud. 

Lead scoring. 

Score using a costbenefit matrix. Scores quantify the benefits of a given value, so greater numeric scores represents a better score. Costs and scores can be negative, indicating that a value is not beneficial. For example, in the case of monetary profit, a negative cost and/or score represents loss of cash flow. 
Classification Objectives¶
Accuracy score for binary classification. 

Accuracy score for multiclass classification. 

AUC score for binary classification. 

AUC score for multiclass classification using macro averaging. 

AUC score for multiclass classification using micro averaging. 

AUC Score for multiclass classification using weighted averaging. 

Gini coefficient for binary classification. 

Balanced accuracy score for binary classification. 

Balanced accuracy score for multiclass classification. 

F1 score for binary classification. 

F1 score for multiclass classification using micro averaging. 

F1 score for multiclass classification using macro averaging. 

F1 score for multiclass classification using weighted averaging. 

Log Loss for binary classification. 

Log Loss for multiclass classification. 

Matthews correlation coefficient for binary classification. 

Matthews correlation coefficient for multiclass classification. 

Precision score for binary classification. 

Precision score for multiclass classification using micro averaging. 

Precision score for multiclass classification using macroaveraging. 

Precision score for multiclass classification using weighted averaging. 

Recall score for binary classification. 

Recall score for multiclass classification using micro averaging. 

Recall score for multiclass classification using macro averaging. 

Recall score for multiclass classification using weighted averaging. 
Regression Objectives¶
Coefficient of determination for regression. 

Mean absolute error for regression. 

Mean absolute percentage error for time series regression. Scaled by 100 to return a percentage. 

Mean squared error for regression. 

Mean squared log error for regression. 

Median absolute error for regression. 

Maximum residual error for regression. 

Explained variance score for regression. 

Root mean squared error for regression. 

Root mean squared log error for regression. 
Objective Utils¶
Get a list of the names of all objectives. 

Returns all core objective instances associated with the given problem type. 

Get a list of all valid core objectives. 

Get noncore objective classes. 

Returns the Objective class corresponding to a given objective name. 
Problem Types¶
Handles problem_type by either returning the ProblemTypes or converting from a str. 

Determine the type of problem is being solved based on the targets (binary vs multiclass classification, regression). Ignores missing and null data. 

Enum defining the supported types of machine learning problems. 
Model Family¶
Handles model_family by either returning the ModelFamily or converting from a string. 

Enum for family of machine learning models. 
Tuners¶
Base Tuner class. 

Bayesian Optimizer. 

Grid Search Optimizer, which generates all of the possible points to search for using a grid. 

Random Search Optimizer. 
Data Checks¶
Data Check Classes¶
Base class for all data checks. 

Check if the target data is considered invalid. 

Check if there are any highlynull columns and rows in the input. 

Check if any of the features are likely to be ID columns. 

Check if any of the features are highly correlated with the target by using mutual information or Pearson correlation. 

Checks if there are any outliers in input data by using IQR to determine score anomalies. 

Check if the target or any of the features have no variance. 

Check if any of the target labels are imbalanced, or if the number of values for each target are below 2 times the number of CV folds. Use for classification problems. 

Check if any set features are likely to be multicollinear. 

Check each column in the input for datetime features and will issue an error if NaN values are present. 

Checks each column in the input for natural language features and will issue an error if NaN values are present. 

Check if the datetime column has equally spaced intervals and is monotonically increasing or decreasing in order to be supported by time series estimators. 

Checks whether the time series parameters are compatible with data splitting. 

A collection of data checks. 

A collection of basic data checks that is used by AutoML by default. 
Data Check Messages¶
Base class for a message returned by a DataCheck, tagged by name. 

DataCheckMessage subclass for errors returned by data checks. 

DataCheckMessage subclass for warnings returned by data checks. 
Data Check Message Types¶
Enum for type of data check message: WARNING or ERROR. 
Data Check Message Codes¶
Enum for data check message code. 
Utils¶
General Utils¶
Attempts to import the requested library by name. If the import fails, raises an ImportError or warning. 

Converts a string describing a length of time to its length in seconds. 

Generates a numpy.random.RandomState instance using seed. 

Given a numpy.random.RandomState object, generate an int representing a seed value for another random number generator. Or, if given an int, return that int. 

Pad the beginning num_to_pad rows with nans. 

Drop rows that have any NaNs in all dataframes or series. 

Create a Woodwork structure from the given list, pandas, or numpy input, with specified types for columns. If a column’s type is not specified, it will be inferred by Woodwork. 

Saves fig to filepath if specified, or to a default location if not. 

Checks if the given DataFrame contains only numeric values. 

Get importable subclasses of a base class. Used to list all of our estimators, transformers, components and pipelines dynamically. 